According to the labour market needs and following the advice provided by the stakeholders (trade associations, labour and production organizations, local institutions) – who have highlighted the need for professional profiles able to carry out socio-economic analysis, strategic spatial planning and European programs design – the 1st level degree in “Economics” aims at providing students with a good knowledge of economics, mathematics, statistics, and law, allowing them to enter the labour market or, alternatively, to continue studying for a 2nd level degree.
The 1st level degree in “Economics” aims primarily at providing students with a solid and critical understanding of the main economic theories as well as of the basic legal, mathematical, and statistical knowledge enabling them to develop an autonomous capacity of analysis about economic systems with particular regard to:
- The strategies and the economic and financial decisions of companies, consumers, financial intermediaries, and other economic agents;
- The internationalization processes that in the recent decades have involved both the advanced and the emerging countries;
- The market dynamics and their effects on income distribution and economic development;
- The micro and macroeconomic analysis of the labour market;
- The economic policy decisions at national and international level, including policies regarding the institutional and regulatory framework;
- The economic and legal analysis of the environment.
Along with a number of common disciplines (such as Economics, Mathematics, Statistics, Business Administration, Public and Private Law), the 1st level degree in “Economics” is organised in two curricula, namely 1) Economic Analysis and 2) Finance and Markets, which are designed to provide students with an in-depth analysis of the following topics:
- The historical and analytical evolution of economic theory in relation to the main stylized facts that have characterized the contemporary economic systems;
- The financial risk management; the issue of regulation and supervision; the relationships between financial intermediaries, firms, and markets; corporate governance issues;
- The environmental problems originating from the economic growth; the rational management of both rural and urban land;
- The labour market, the industrial relations, the welfare system, and the social and labour policies;
- The organization of companies and public administrations.
The curricula - which include internships in companies, public or private institutions, and research laboratories within the Economics Department or University in general - are structured to drive students towards their future professional choices, at both working or formative level. For the latter, the curricula are designed for the frequency to a 2nd level degree or to other higher education activities.
Graduates can perform the following jobs:
- Expert in economic systems
Tasks: He carries out researches on theories and methods (i) to investigate the market for goods and services, (ii) to find solutions to the economic problems, and (iii) to design economic and regulation policies.
Skills: Knowledge of economics, statistics, econometrics, law, and of at least one foreign language, especially English.
- Economist of the territory
Tasks: He carries out a number of tasks concerning the development of territorial systems, ranging from the design, evaluation, monitoring, and marketing of specific areas on behalf of regional and local institutions (such as regions, provinces, municipalities, mountain communities, natural parks, public and private companies) as well as of national and European authorities.
Skills: Ability in collecting and processing spatial data; knowledge of spatial analysis methods; knowledge in managing regional, national and European projects; knowledge of economics, law, and of at least one foreign language, especially English.
- Trade expert
Tasks: He carries out activities for sales to and from abroad by working in import-export companies.
Skills: Ability to follow the evolution of the Italian, European and global commercial markets; knowledge of customs and currency regulations; ability in conducting sale negotiations and in keeping contacts with embassies, ministries, banks, etc.; knowledge of economics, law, and of at least one foreign language, especially English.
- Expert in the management and control of private companies
Tasks: He manages the organization of companies as well as their production planning and control.
Skills: Knowledge of economics and business administration at both theoretical and applied level; ability in collecting and processing economic data; good computer skills and knowledge of at least one European Union language, other than Italian; knowledge of business operations, especially of production planning and control.
- Expert in human resources
Tasks: He is responsible: (i) for programming the dynamic needs of staff in public or private companies; (ii) for setting the quantity and quality of human resources; (iii) for organising the recruitment and the selection of staff; (iv) for managing the relations with trade-unions.
Skills: Knowledge of business organization; expertise in the field of economics (at both theoretical and applied level); ability in collecting and processing economic data; good computer skills.
- Financial Analyst
Tasks: He carries out activities related to the financial and budgetary management of companies and to their investment needs.
Skills: Knowledge of financial management; legal, administrative and accounting skills; expertise in business administration.
- Business Consultant
Tasks: He is responsible for coordinating sales and product launches looking at customer satisfaction and at the competitive advantage of companies.
Skills: Knowledge of tools for analysing the customer behaviour and the competitors’ market shares; computer skills to effectively organize the sales and to monitor prices; knowledge of a foreign language, especially English.
- Commercial Counsellor
Tasks: He organizes and plans the purchase, delivery, handling, and storage of goods; he manages inventories.
Skills: Knowledge of business organization and of the methodologies for analysing the market demand for goods and services; ability in collecting and processing economic data; good computer skills; knowledge of a foreign language, especially English.
- Market analyst
Tasks: He supports the financial decisions of companies by providing them with advice for understanding and analysing the financial system.
Skills: Knowledge of money market, loans regulation, and tax breaks; administrative and accounting skills.
- Expert in business administration
Tasks: He can work as self-employed or within a company.
Skills: Knowledge of business administration, national and international markets, economics, and law; ability in collecting and processing economic data; knowledge of a foreign language, especially English.
The employment opportunities provided by the 1st level degree in “Economics” include the possibility of working in the public sector, the private sector, and the social economy, with particular regard to:
- research departments of institutions and organizations;
- banks and financial institutions;
- national and international research institutions;
- public administrations;
- trade unions.
The knowledge acquired by the 1st level degree in “Economics” ideally allows graduates to access to all the career opportunities listed above.