General properties and chemical classification of the matter. Chemical bond. Reaction stoichiometry. Nomenclature (classical and IUPAC). Principles of chemical equilibrium. Gas properties and empirical laws. Solid and liquid phases.
M. Schiavello, L. Palmisano “Fondamenti di Chimica”, Edises, ISBN 97888795957821. Notes taken independently during the course.
1 - General Properties of the Matter (Atom and atomic structure. Bohr model and quantum theory. Electromagnetic radiation and wave theory. Quantum numbers and orbitals. Electron spin and Pauli principle. Principle of maximum multiplicity. Polyelectronic atoms and mechanism of the Aufbau Periodic table. Electronic affinity and ionization potential). 0.75 CFU.
2 - Chemical Bonds (Bond energy. Covalent bond. Electronegativity, bond polarity and dipolar moment. Electrostatic bonds: ionic bond, hydrogen bond and van der Waals forces. Lewis structures. Formal charges. Resonance. Valence bond theory (VB) Hybridization VSEPR model. Molecular geometry. Polarity. Delocalized electron bonds. Molecular orbital theory. Metal bond). 0.75 CFU.
3 - Nomenclature, Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry (Molecules and ions. Oxidation number and electrovalence. Nomenclature. Atomic and molecular mass. Mole and molar weight. Percent composition. Determination of minimum formula. Dissociation reactions. Acid-base, precipitation, complexation, redox reactions; electronic, charge and mass balance, limiting reagent and stoichiometric calculations). 1 CFU.
4 - Gas State (Ideal gas. Boyle's law. Charles's law. Avogadro's law. State gas law. Dalton's law of partial pressures. Molar fraction and pressure) 0.5 CFU.
5 - Chemical Equilibrium (Generality; factors influencing equilibrium. Le Chatelier principle. Van't Hoff equation. Acids and bases: Arrhenius, Brønsted, Lewis definitions. Acid-base reactions and conjugate pairs, water ionic product, pH scale, Ka and Kb, acid-base reactions of salts of weak acids and bases, buffer solutions). 1 CFU.
6 - Classroom Exercises. The exercises consist in the explanation of exercises related to the topics of the course (1 CFU).