Knowledge of ancient and modern history as well as of the two classical languages and their literary traditions; essential notions of textual criticism.
The typology that will be adopted is that of the frontal lesson, understood however not as ex-cathedra pronouncement but as a study seminar and therefore as an interactive lesson, always ready to involve the listeners and open to exchange with them and to their constant participation. The use of texts and the practice of exegesis applied to them are also undoubtedly one of the foundations of the 'scientific' methodology proper to this teaching.
The course aims to offer an overall view of the history of classical studies starting from the foundation of the library of Alexandria in the third century B.C. The following topics will be treated among the others: the difference between 'classical' and 'ancient' writers, making reference to G. Pasquali, Filologia e storia (1920); a survey of the main Latin scholars (Lucius Ateius, Varro, A. Gellius); book, libraries and writing in the ancient times; the rediscovery of Greek and Roman authors in the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries; some important cultural querelles such as for example the nineteenth-century controversy between Romanticism and Classicism; the definition of perfect work according to the point of view of some modern writers (Sainte-Beuve, T.S. Eliot, I. Calvino, Borges); the famous debate on German philology which saw protagonists Ettore Romagnoli, Girolamo Vitelli and Giorgio Pasquali.
The aim of the course is to give students a greater awareness of the fundamental role that classical culture has played in the development of European history, both in the sphere of ideas and behaviour and, in particular, its impact on the formation of the dominant class, first aristocrat and then the middle one.
1. Knowledge and understanding
Students will be in a position to acquire extensive and articulated knowledge on the main phases of the history of classical studies and will also be able to develop a greater critical attitude both in the study of the testimonies of classical antiquity and those concerning its reception.
2. Applying knowledge and understanding
At the end of the lessons students will know how to use with good awareness the main working tools of classical philology (they will be able, for example, to move independently in the bibliographic field).
3. Making judgements
Already during the course students will be stimulated to have a perspective of the topics studied that allows them to be aware of the decisive role that Greek and Latin literatures had in the birth of Western civilization.
4. Communication skills
At the end of the course the ability to translate, expose, support a debate or even argue in favor of a certain scientific thesis, to use ancient and/or new languages as well as rhetorical styles proper to written and spoken speech will be enhanced.
5. Learning skills
During and at the end of the lessons the students will have progressed in their analytical and synthesis skills and in general in their willingness to have a valid interaction with the teacher and with their peers.
L.D. Reynolds-N.G. Wilson, Copisti e filologi, Antenore 2016; G. Solaro, L’esegesi secondo Hermann. Sul De officio interpretis (1834), «Eikasmós» 13, 2002, pp. 325-341; L. Canfora, Ideologie del classicismo, Torino, Einaudi, 1980.
1. Number of tests to be evaluated: 1
2. Objective of the test: the aim is above all to verify the knowledge of the extended program, but also to ascertain that the candidate possesses a 'critical' view of the exposed notions
3. Method of administration: oral
4. Timing: as part of the windows provided by the educational calendar of the Dipartimento di Studi Umanistici for the exam sessions
5. Duration: not less than 20 minutes
6. Type: interview
7. Final measurement of the test: in thirtieths
What is a classic. The classics today (1 CFU)
Orality and writing (1 CFU)
Alexandrian philologists first critical publishers (1 CFU)
Caesar and the Fire of the “Museum” (1 CFU)
Manuscripts and errors (1 CFU)
The invention of printing (1 CFU)
Classics in the humanist period: Petrarch, Boccaccio, Bracciolini, Machiavelli (1 CFU)
The textual criticism of the Bible (1 CFU)
The Cardinal Angelo Mai and Giacomo Leopardi (1 CFU)
The controversy between Madame de Staël and Pietro Giordani (1 CFU)
Karl Lachmann and Paul Maas (1 CFU)
Philology as Historical Science: Wilamowitz (1 CFU)